Call or text me at Pennsylvania Juvenile Delinquency to top When your child is arrested for a crime, it can feel like a nightmare. You may be shocked, depressed, embarrassed or angry.
Other NCSL staff contributors were Erin Kincaid, who provided significant research assistance; Vicky McPheron, who provided administrative support; and Leann Stelzer, who edited and coordinated publication of the report.
Their continued support and assistance to NCSL and state legislatures are gratefully acknowledged. The NCSL project responds to the challenges faced by states as they consider corrections and sentencing policies that both manage state spending and protect the public. The Pew PSPP was launched in to help states advance fiscally sound, data-driven policies and practices in sentencing and corrections.
The group had a one-year work plan to discuss and identify overarching principles for effective state sentencing and corrections policy and to identify key issues and approaches that explain and illustrate the recommendations.
The issues addressed by the NCSL work group reflect the important role of state legislatures in enacting policies that manage prison populations and costs, address offender and community needs, and contribute to the safe and fair administration of criminal justice.
The discussions took place during a difficult, recessionary budget climate. A major interest of the work group was how to have an immediate effect on state public safety dollars while also ensuring that the public safety is protected into the future.
Many concepts addressed in the Principles reflect recent advances in resource-sensitive policies that actually reduce risk and recidivism. Mindful that sentencing and corrections policies reach into various levels and branches of government, the Principles also reflect the value that lawmakers place on stakeholders throughout criminal justice systems in policy development and discussions.
Apparent throughout the Principles is the importance of interbranch and intergovernmental collaboration, information exchange and evaluation in working toward effective sentencing and corrections policies.
It is the intent of NCSL and this work group that the Principles and examples presented here will help guide and inform many aspects of state sentencing and corrections policy now and well into the future.
Principles and Points Preamble Providing for justice and protecting the public are fundamental concerns of criminal justice systems. State approaches to sentencing and corrections have been characterized by traditional views that lean toward incapacitation or rehabilitation.
More contemporary policies to reduce recidivism look to evidence-based strategies that hold offenders accountable, are sensitive to corrections costs, and reduce crime and victimization.
State legislatures set both the tone and the framework for sentencing and corrections policies. The principles identified and described below resulted from the bipartisan NCSL work group and are not aligned with any particular opinion or approach. Their intended purpose is to provide broad, balanced guidance to state lawmakers as they review and enact policies and make budgetary decisions that will affect community safety, management of criminal offenders, and allocation of corrections resources.
Sentencing and corrections policies should embody fairness, consistency, proportionality and opportunity. Establish sentences that are commensurate to the harm caused, the effects on the victim and on the community, and the rehabilitative needs of the offender.
Strive to balance objectives of treating like offenders alike with allowing discretion to select correctional options that meet individual offender needs and contribute to crime reduction. Consider whether sentencing and corrections policies adversely or disproportionately affect citizens based on race, income, gender or geography, including, but not limited to, drug crimes.
Review policies that affect long-term consequences of criminal convictions, including housing and employment opportunities. Legislatures should convey a clear and purposeful sentencing and corrections rationale. The criminal code should articulate the purpose of sentencing, and related policies and practices should be logical, understandable, and transparent to stakeholders and the public.
Provide for agency mission statements that reflect the goal of recidivism reduction and the intended balance of surveillance, incapacitation, rehabilitation and victim restoration.
Articulate corresponding requirements of agencies and expectations of courts. Include in stated objectives that programs and practices be research-based, and provide appropriate oversight.
Encourage collaboration among criminal justice, health and human services, and other relevant government agencies with intersecting not conflicting missions and goals. Include criminal justice system stakeholders in planning and deliberations. Consider a coordinating council or other structured body to facilitate policy development that includes input from a broad array of stakeholders.
Engage and educate the public by providing meaningful and accurate messages about issues and approaches. A continuum of sentencing and corrections options should be available, with prison space for the most serious offenders and adequate community programs for diversion and supervision of others.
Juvenile Law addresses laws, rules, regulations and the like, with regard to individuals under the age of majority, which is generally considered 18 years of age, although in some instances, this is 21 years of age. In addition to juvenile crime, juvenile delinquents, and juvenile court, this area of law also often deals with foster care and adoption; child support, custody and visitation. Many couples report being surprised, hurt and stressed by the defiant and angry behaviors of the children. These parents often relate, "If I ever treated my parents as he/she treats us, I would have been severely disciplined. Summary. Jacob C. was 11 years old and living in Michigan when he was tried in juvenile court for touching, without penetrating, his sister’s genitals.
Ensure assessment of offender risk, needs and assets in order to provide appropriate placement, services and requirements. Strengthen placement decisions and supervision by encouraging coordinated interbranch efforts among courts, corrections departments, and state and local supervision agencies.
Provide clear policies for violations of community supervision. Consider administrative remedies and court options for technical violations, and offer incentives for compliance with conditions and requirements.
Consider time-served requirements and ensure that release mechanisms and policies are clear and complete. Allow incentives for prisoners who complete prescribed programming, treatment or training.
Provide appropriate levels of supervision and services for all offenders as they reenter the community. Sentencing and corrections policies should be resource-sensitive as they affect cost, correctional populations and public safety.
States should be able to effectively measure costs and benefits. Consider how state-level policies affect state and local correctional populations, costs, and state-local fiscal partnerships. Target resources to make the best use of incapacitation, interventions and community supervision.
Partner with and consider incentives to local jurisdictions as part of adequately funded and accountable community programs and services.Full text of Book III of the Local Government Code of the Philippines. Featured on the World Wide Web by The Law Firm of Chan Robles & Associates - Philippines.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. OJJDP, a component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, accomplishes its mission by supporting states, local communities, and tribal jurisdictions in their efforts to develop and implement effective programs for juveniles.
Juvenile Law addresses laws, rules, regulations and the like, with regard to individuals under the age of majority, which is generally considered 18 years of age, although in some instances, this is 21 years of age.
In addition to juvenile crime, juvenile delinquents, and juvenile court, this area of law also often deals with foster care and adoption; child support, custody and visitation.
Deb Shinder considers the problem of juvenile delinquency when it concerns kids and computers. Do we need a better strategy for dealing with juvenile cybercrime? Take the opinion poll. (a) To increase public safety by reducing juvenile delinquency through effective prevention, intervention, and treatment services that strengthen and reform the lives of children.
Characteristics Common to Both Groups of Juvenile Sex Offenders Juveniles who sexually assault children, and those who target peers or adults, share certain common characteristics.