What causes high blood pressure hypertension? Luke's Medical Center Cardiology Cardiovascular Disease Both your lifestyle and genes can cause high blood pressure, but other factors can be involved as well.
Summary What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Each time your heart beats, it pumps blood into the arteries.
Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. This is called systolic pressure. When your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls. This is called diastolic pressure. Your blood pressure reading uses these two numbers. Usually the systolic number comes before or above the diastolic number.
How is high blood pressure diagnosed? High blood pressure usually has no symptoms. So the only way to find out if you have it is to get regular blood pressure checks from your health care provider.
Your provider will use a gauge, a stethoscope or electronic sensor, and a blood pressure cuff.
He or she will take two or more readings at separate appointments before making a diagnosis. For children and teens, the health care provider compares the blood pressure reading to what is normal for other kids who are the same age, height, and gender.
What are the different types of high blood pressure? There are two main types of high blood pressure: Primary, or essential, high blood pressure is the most common type of high blood pressure. For most people who get this kind of blood pressure, it develops over time as you get older.
Secondary high blood pressure is caused by another medical condition or use of certain medicines.
It usually gets better after you treat that condition or stop taking the medicines that are causing it. Why do I need to worry about high blood pressure?
When your blood pressure stays high over time, it causes the heart to pump harder and work overtime, possibly leading to serious health problems such as heart attackstrokeheart failureand kidney failure.
What are the treatments for high blood pressure? Treatments for high blood pressure include heart-healthy lifestyle changes and medicines.
You will work with your provider to come up with a treatment plan. It may include only the lifestyle changes. These changes, such as heart-healthy eating and exercise, can be very effective.
But sometimes the changes do not control or lower your high blood pressure. Then you may need to take medicine.Hypertension or increased blood pressure is a major US health problem attracting the attention of public, physicians, and medical organizations.
The aim of this thesis is to provide a brief yet a comprehensive review of the problem. Dec 29, · Cardiovascular disease risk. According to the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC VII), in individuals older than 50 years, SBP of greater than mm Hg is a more important cardiovascular disease risk factor than DBP.
 Beginning at a BP of /75 mm Hg, the cardiovascular disease risk doubles for each increment of . The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.
- Hypertension Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure about 25% of all adults have high blood pressure, normal blood pressure in an adult is measure is less than /80 the top number is known as systolic and the bottom diastolic any reading above this is known as hypertension.
Jun 27, · High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is the most common cardiovascular disease. Blood pressure refers to the force of blood pushing against artery walls as it flows through the body.
Symptoms & Types.
Are there hypertension symptoms? What are the complications of high blood pressure? Learn about hypertension, its symptoms, complications, and types.