Visit Website But between and a series of interconnected developments occurred in Europe that provided the impetus for the exploration and subsequent colonization of America. These developments included the Protestant Reformation and the subsequent Catholic Counter-Reformation, the Renaissance, the unification of small states into larger ones with centralized political power, the emergence of new technology in navigation and shipbuilding, and the establishment of overland trade with the East and the accompanying transformation of the medieval economy.
Early Exploration Randal Rust T Soto had set out from Florida the year before with men in search of gold and other treasures, hoping to duplicate the success of earlier Spanish expeditions in Central and South America.
The exact route of the Soto expedition through Tennessee is unclear, but it is likely that they crossed the Appalachian Mountains somewhere to the north of the Great Smokies and followed the French Broad River down to what later was southeast Tennessee.
There are some indications that later Spanish expeditions Early exploration essay forts in the vicinity of Dandridge and Chattanooga, a likely event as the presence of their forces was seen as a threat by many Native Americans.
Failing to find the treasures he sought, Soto apparently turned back to the southwest before heading north again and entering the bounds of Tennessee south of Memphis.
He crossed the Mississippi River and continued exploring to the west. As the health and morale of his party deteriorated, Soto brought them back to the Mississippi River, where he died from a fever. His troubled expedition returned to the coast. Another Spanish expedition under Juan Pardo explored the western portion of North Carolina and some areas of Tennessee in Like Soto, Pardo sought gold, but he also wanted to establish alliances with native tribes.
He failed, however, in both of these objectives. While the Spanish expeditions maintained detailed accounts of their explorations in Tennessee, including the earliest written description of the land and its inhabitants, the failure to locate anything of material value discouraged the Spanish from additional expeditions into the region.
More than a century later, ina French expedition under the command of Father Jacques Marquette, a Jesuit missionary, and Louis Joliet, a fur trader, descended the Mississippi River, stopping along the way at Chickasaw Bluffs near Memphis.
In another French expedition, led by Robert Cavelier de la Salle, also explored the Mississippi River and built a fort near the mouth of the Hatchie River, naming it Fort Prudhomme in honor of a comrade who was briefly lost from the rest of the group.
By French traders had established posts along the Cumberland River near a salt springs, a site which later became known as the French Lick and in served as the nucleus for the Nashville settlements.
Type and save your essay in separate document before beginning the application, so you can easily upload it when you're ready. Keep in mind that space is limited for this program, and the Penn Early Exploration Program decision will have no impact on your potential undergraduate admission to the University of Pennsylvania. The Age of Exploration was a period from the early s and continuing into the early s, during which European ships traveled around the world to search for . American History exploration and colonization Essay. The motives for the exploration and colonization of the New World did not differ much from country to country - American History exploration and colonization Essay introduction. Though different motivations may have been emphasized more heavily in certain counties, most explorations were spurred by religious reasons, commercial causes, and.
From this location, the French maintained an active fur trade with the Shawnees untilwhen the Shawnees were driven out by a coalition of Cherokees and Chickasaws. The English began their explorations in Tennessee when Abraham Wood, who operated a trading firm in Virginia, sent James Needham and Gabriel Arthur into what is now upper East Tennessee to establish trading relations with the Cherokees.
Needham and Arthur arrived in Cherokee territory inthe same year that the first French expedition sailed down the Mississippi. Although the Cherokees killed Needham soon after his arrival, Arthur remained with the tribe for over a year, initiating a commercial relationship that would continue through the next century.
Similarly, the colony of South Carolina sent trade representatives into Tennessee and the Southeast. Among these was James Adair, who had begun extensive travels among the southeastern tribes by and whose interests extended well beyond trade. His observations regarding Cherokee traditions and customs were eventually published and provide a unique insight into this early period of relations with the tribe.
Eventually, Virginia and South Carolina developed an intense rivalry for the lucrative Cherokee fur trade.
Their efforts to dominate trade relations with the tribe sent numerous traders from each colony into the area during the early s, all of whom brought back information about the land and its potential. Their accounts encouraged land speculators to sponsor further exploration of the trans-Appalachian West.
One of the earliest explorers was Dr. Thomas Walker, who was sent by the Loyal Land Company in to locate and claim western lands for future settlement. Departing from southwestern Virginia, Walker and six companions passed through the Cumberland Gap, crossed the Cumberland Plateau, and proceeded down the Cumberland River, all of which he named in honor of the Duke of Cumberland.
The group returned to Virginia by an overland route through Kentucky. On a return visit to Kentucky inWalker explored the intervening Clinch and Powell River valleys, but by that time, there were other explorers in the vicinity.
Like the traders who preceded them, the long hunters sought furs; unlike the traders, they did not engage in barter with the Native Americans.
Instead, they concentrated in extensive hunting and trapping expeditions. While some long hunters worked alone or in small groups, they frequently traveled in parties of a dozen or more, both for security and to increase their profits.
As their name implies, the time away from home for the long hunters sometimes extended over periods of months or years. It was not unusual for long hunters to work in partnership with land speculators, who financed trips in exchange for information on the land.
For this reason, certain long hunters were also surveyors, and they became the best sources of information about the trans-Appalachia. The primary objective of the long hunters was the acquisition of furs for the lucrative international fur market.
By prices ranged from one dollar for deerskins to as much as five dollars for otter pelts.EXPLORATION OF AMERICA, EARLY Early Developments.
For centuries there were claims suggesting that the earliest voyages of exploration to North America were made by Irish monks Early Exploration of America.
Sources. Portugal. The country responsible for opening the Age of Exploration was Portugal. Positioned on the west coast of the Iberian. DBQ – Document-Based Question Essay Chapter 1: Exploration and the Colonial Era Most Europeans at the time of early exploration of the New World believed • Your job in the body paragraphs of the essay is to cite the documents – find specific evidence in the documents (a phrase, a sentence, a passage, an image or part of an.
Age of exploration Essay Sample This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. Causes and Effects of European Exploration in America Nick Pellicano, Abigail Duclos, Isabelle Martin, Blake Martin Some basic effects of Europeans coming to North America are that the Native Americans caught new diseases which included smallpox, influenza, measles, and chicken pox.
American History exploration and colonization Essay. The motives for the exploration and colonization of the New World did not differ much from country to country - American History exploration and colonization Essay introduction.
Though different motivations may have been emphasized more heavily in certain counties, most explorations were spurred by religious reasons, commercial causes, and. Nov 12, · In executing quality exploration, editors were within a stance to build very first and finest essay documents that happen to be extraordinary.
Biology newsprint may well be made up on massive number of makes a difference like come promotes, bioethics and man or women body structure within a great deal of rare subject matter.