Research Assistant Professor Please do not quote without permission of the author Schools should be viewed not only as institutions that impart certain knowledge and skills to students, but also as environments that socialize them. Socializing students to achieve just what "aims" is the subject of current debates among educators, politicians, and business leaders alike. This debate can be understood as a conflict among three points of view: The skills and dispositions needed to actively participate in all aspects of democratic life include:
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Education Disparities in the United States Essay Sample Within the United States the educational system at all levels, from kindergarten up to postgraduate education reflects significant disparities.
It is no secret that the students attending educational institutions are often separated on the basis of race, class, gender and region.
Functionalist theoretical orientation usually accounts for the stratification of society in terms of the needs base of particular groups relative to the roles they perform in society. Thus particular groups are, by nature of their characteristics and the role society has already assigned them to, relegated to positions that are often considered inferior.
Similarly within the education circles these distinctions become apparent as it relates to how society conceptualizes the role of different racial, socioeconomic and gender groups or regions.
Certain demographic trends have been contributing to the segmentation of the educational system the most forceful of which is the expanding immigrant population. More and more immigrants of Hispanic and Asian origin are entering the United States.
Bartlett, McKinley and Brayboyp. On the other hand it was noted that the growth in the number of children of U. Additionally the number of immigrants also grew more than the number of African American children.
These changes have had serious implications on education in the United States and have contributed to increasing disparities in education based on race. In several states within the U.
As a result the demand for access to educational institutions, particularly at the higher education level, is increasing at an exponential rate and demographers predict that these populations will continue to outgrow the white population Anderson,p. This trend may suggest that the educational institutions are adopting inclusive policies to cater Behavioral education in public schools essay the changing demographics of the student body.
Bartlett et al emphasize that race is increasingly a matter of concern when it comes to schooling. This was evidenced in a Christian college recently when African American and Hispanic students had to be placed under protective custody, having to miss classes, after racist threats were issued against them.
Students of color had to be evacuated from the school grounds and kept in seclusion for several days as a result of these threats Anderson,p. Racism in schools is both overt and covert Bartlett et al,p. Overt results of school based, state administered and national exams continue to reveal that there is a significant gap in the rate of performance of students based on race.
Several ideas have been proposed to account for this phenomenon. Admission practices that restrict access to particular ethnic groups are clandestine manifestations of racial inequalities As is evident issues of race and racism have a considerable influence on the educational achievement of students.
These minority groups are consistently disadvantaged within the educational system because of their ethnicity.
Global trends in higher education are seeing more students obtaining their bachelors degrees. However, it has been observed that minority students are accessing 2 year programs as compared to their white and Asian counterparts who are accessing 4 year institutions.
As Anderson indicates, for ethnic minorities it is only in the community colleges that they have a significantly representative population. The high representation of minorities in vocational institutions and their correspondingly low enrollment in top-tier universities testifies to the fact that the educational system is streamlining these students to perform correspondingly poorer than their white and Asian counterparts even beyond school.
Socioeconomic class has a significant bearing on the academic and cognitive outcome of students and is therefore an area under which disparate policies are practiced in educational institutions.
The issue of class is also often interrelated with race. As observed by Skiba, Poloni-Staudinger, Simmons, Azziz and Chung the families of racial minorities, particularly African Americans or recent migrants such as Hispanics are often poorer in comparison to whites and Asian immigrants Hochschild,p.
They are usually not adequately developed intellectually when they enter school and as a result end up with poor achievement and poor behavioral outcomes. It has been observed that these students with behavioral problems are the ones most likely to be referred to special education Skiba et al,p.
Hochschild observes that, though the primary basis of streaming is usually based on ability, that class is the second most important factor taken into consideration when placing or streaming students. Middle class students on the other hand have significantly more and better opportunities for development.
Bartlett et al point out that the social capital brought into the classroom by these sets of students often support the functions of the institutions making learning more meaningful for the middle class. It is no secret that vocational training is not regarded in as equal a light as the education provided in 4 year colleges.
Students of higher socioeconomic background are not enrolling in vocational institutions to the same degree as their poorer counterparts because it is evident that these institutions do not meet their occupational goals Anderson,p.
Students of lower socioeconomic status on the other hand are flooding these institutions because they realize that this is probably the only way that they can access the jobs that are available to them.
Ainsworth and Roscigno also note this trend indicating that the job opportunities available for students graduating two year as opposed to four year colleges have considerably lower financial rewards.
The National Longitudinal Study of Youth 79 Cohort, the Infant Health Development Project and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Cohort, reveal data that support the position that particular sets of children enter school with significantly lower cognitive abilities than other groups.Education Reform Education reform has been an issue of discussion within the United States since the system began.
Public education today is in dire need of reform. Students find themselves in overcrowded classrooms, less teacher interaction, with inadequate learning material. From city schools to suburban schools, from the east .
Release Date Title; 11/6/ GaDOE Fine Arts Specialist receives Distinguished Service Award: 11/5/ Georgia Department of Education recognizes six Military Flagship Schools. ATSU-CGHS’s Master of Public Health degree is also ranked in the top 20 programs in the United States by monstermanfilm.com, adding to ATSU’s long-standing reputation for integrity, quality and leadership in education.
Psychology in the Schools, 41(1), Merrell, K. ().
Helping students overcome depression and anxiety: A practical guide (Practical Intervention in the Schools). The paper also evaluates measures that can be taken to ensure that both the public schools and the private schools offer the same quality of education. Research problem The competition between private and public schools has been ongoing for a long time.
HOME SCHOOLED VS. PUBLIC SCHOOLED 1. One argument for public schools is that parents benefit from the fruits of public schools every day (McGrath, ). While those who oppose homeschooling receive a better education than public school counterparts which leads to higher student achievement levels.
A comparison of the .