Discovery[ edit ] Albert Hofmann, born in Switzerland, joined the pharmaceutical-chemical department of Sandoz Laboratories, located in Baselas a co-worker with professor Arthur Stoll, founder and director of the pharmaceutical department. His main contribution was to elucidate the chemical structure of the common nucleus of Scilla glycosides an active principle of Mediterranean Squill. It was set aside for five years, until April 16,when Hofmann decided to take a second look at it.
See Article History Alternative Title: Leary, the son of a U. In he received a doctorate in psychology from the University of California at Berkeley, where he was an assistant professor until During the s Leary developed an egalitarian model for interaction between the psychotherapist and the patient, promoted new techniques of group therapyand published a system for classifying interpersonal behaviour.
He acquired a reputation as a promising young scholar and was appointed to the position of lecturer at Harvard University in At Harvard Leary began experimenting with psilocybina synthesized form of the hallucinogenic agent found in certain mushrooms.
He concluded that psychedelic drugs could be effective in transforming personality and expanding human consciousness.
Along with psychologist Richard Alpert later Ram Dasshe formed the Harvard Psilocybin Project and began administering psilocybin to graduate students; he also shared the drug with several prominent artists, writers, and musicians.
Leary explored the cultural and philosophical implications of psychedelic drugs. In contrast to those within the psychedelic research community who argued that the drugs should be used only by a small elite, Leary came to believe that the experience should be introduced to the general public, particularly to young people.
During the mids Leary lived in a mansion in Millbrook, New York, where he formed the centre of a small hedonistic community. He began to intensively explore LSD, a powerful psychedelic drug first derived from ergot of rye in by Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann.
He traveled widely and gave many public lectures, especially on college campuses, and, because of his high public profile, he became a focus of the emerging public debate over LSD. Cultural conservatives saw Leary as a corrosive influence on society—U. After arrests in and for possession of marijuana and a prolonged legal battle, Leary was incarcerated in The revolutionary group known as the Weather Underground aided him in a spectacular escape, and he fled first to Algeria and eventually to Afghanistan, where he was captured in and returned to a California prison.
He was freed in and settled in southern California.
Gordon Liddy, who had once arrested him. However, Leary never regained the stature that he had enjoyed during the s.
He also designed computer software and was an early advocate of the potential of new technologies such as virtual reality and the Internet. His Web site later chronicled his death from prostate cancer. Leary published prolifically throughout his career.
Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality: A Functional Theory and Methodology for Personality Evaluation was a seminal textbook dealing with the measurements of personality and the use of those measurements in psychotherapeutic diagnosis.
Likely his most-influential work, The Psychedelic Experience: The original rituals, intended to guide the spirits of the recently deceased, served to urge the drug user through the phase of ego obliteration and toward transcendence.
Leary articulated his belief that life on Earth had been seeded by alien species and exhorted humanity to colonize space in Exo-Psychology: Changing My Mind, Among Others: Lifetime Writings was a collection of essays on science and humanism.+ free ebooks online.
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Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. A database of political history and cemeteries, with brief biographical entries for , U.S. political figures, living and dead, from the s to the present.
+ free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Dr. Aribert Heim was a doctor at the Mauthausen concentration camp during World War II and known to inmates as "Dr.
Death". Heim was known for performing often-fatal operations and experiments on patients which included injecting various solutions into Jewish prisoners' hearts to see which killed them the fastest, operating without .
"Albert Hofmann's discovery of LSD, the most potent mind-expanding substance ever found, was an event of multiple synchronicities the story of LSD and its .
Published since , Biographical Memoirs provide the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased National Academy of Sciences members.